A fuel cell is a device to convert the energy of a fuel into electrical energy without the use of heat engine. Such conv

### Question Asked by a Student from EXXAMM.com Team

Q 1260423315.     A fuel cell is a device to convert the energy of a fuel into electrical energy without the use of heat engine. Such conversions are possible because the combustion reactions are essentially redox reactions. Electrical energy can be obtained indefinitely from a fuel cell as along as the outside supply of fuel is maintained. The essential components of hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell are detailed in the figure below

From the figure, it can be seen that hydrogen and oxygen gases are supplied to the cell. Hydrogen molecules supplied at the anode

undergo oxidation in presence of metal catalyst. The hydrogen ions migrate through the electrode while the electrons travel through

the external circuit. At the cathode, the electrons and hydrogen ions combine With O_2 molecules to form water. The following half

reactions take place at anode and cathode.

Anode : 2H_(2(g)) + 4OH_((aq))^- → 4H_2O_((l)) + 4e^-

Cathode:O_2(g) + 2H_2O_((l)) + 4e^- → 4OH_((aq))^-

Overall reaction :2H_2(g) +O_(2(g)) → 2H_2O_((l))

The overall reaction has a value of ΔH° = -285.8 kJ mol^(-1) and ΔG° = -237.39 k J mol^(-1) at 25°C.

Gaseous H_2 combined with excess O_2 in the fuel cell at 25° C and 1.00 atm, are needed to produce 23.7 kJ of work under ideal conditions.

How many litres of gaseous H_2 need for the above process.

A

2.5 L

B

4.0 L

C

5.0 L

D

7.0L

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