Class 6

### ππππππππππππ

color{green}(β’) Globe has limitations as well. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole.

color{green}(β’) But, when we want to study only a part of the earth, as about our country, states, districts, towns and villages, it is of little help.

color{green}(β’) In such a situation we use maps.

color{green}(β’) A map is a representation or a drawing of the earthβs surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

color{green}(β’) But it is impossible to flatten a round shape completely.

color{green}(β’) We find that maps are useful to us for various purposes.

color{green}(β’) One map shows a small area and a few facts.

color{green}(β’) Another map may contain as many facts as a big book.

color{green}(β’) When many maps are put together we get an Atlas.

color{green}(β’) Atlases are of various sizes, measurements drawn on different scales.

color{green}(β’) Maps provide more information than a globe.

### πππππ ππ ππππ - ππππππππ ππππ

color{green}(β’) Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans etc. are called physical or relief maps.

### πππππ ππ ππππ - πππππππππ ππππ

color{green}(β’) Maps showing cities, towns and villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.

### πππππ ππ ππππ - ππππππππ ππππ

color{green}(β’) Some maps focus on specific information; such as road maps, rainfall maps, maps showing distribution of forests, industries etc. are known as thematic maps. Suitable titles are given on the basis of information provided in these maps.